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زیرنویس فارسی
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زیرنویس نوشتار گفته‌ها یا ترجمه‌ی یک فیلم، مستند، مجموعه تلویزیونی و... می‌باشد که از زبان بیگانه (و برای ناشنوایان و کم‌شنوایان از زبان اصلی) و اصلی گویندگان برنامه نمایشی به صورت متن نوشته شده و معمولاً در زیر نمایشگر ظاهر می‌شود.
فناوری رایانه‌ای و زیرنویس
مروزه مترجم‌هایی که در زمینه زیرنویس کردن برنامه‌های نمایشی کار می‌کنند با رایانه‌هایی تخصصی که مجهز به نرم‌افزارها و سخت افزارهای ویژه هستند مبادرت به زیرنویس کردن می‌نمایند. تنظیمات گویندگان برنامه نمایشی و نوشته‌های زیرنویس شده، با رایانه‌ها هماهنگ می‌شوند. در این سامانه‌های رایانه‌ای تصاویر به روش دیجیتالی تصویر به تصویر در رایانه ذخیره می‌شوند و قابل دسترس برای مترجم می‌باشند. با این شیوه زیرنویس‌ ها، دقیقاً در هنگام سخن گفتن گویندگان ظاهر می‌شوند.
انواع زیرنویس‌ها
زیرنویس‌ها به دو گونه‌اند یا بر روی فیلم حک شده‌اند یا جدا از فیلم هستند که در فایلی جداگانه زیرنویس قرار می‌گیرد در فرمت‌های جدیدتر فیلم مانند mkv قابلیت الصاق چند زیرنویس به فیلم موجود است که بیننده در صورت تمایل زیرنویس مورد نظر را انتخاب یا آن را خاموش می‌کند
زیرنویس‌ها عموماً با پسوند srt موجود می‌باشند هر چند با پسوندهای دیگر چون smi ،sub/idx و ... نیز موجودند ولی اصلی‌ترین و رایج‌ترین نوع زیرنویس srt می‌باشد. نحوه خواندن این زیرنویس‌ها در کامپیوتر توسط نرم‌افزارهای حرفه‌ای پخش فیلم صورت می‌گیرد که از معروف‌ترین و با کیفیت‌ترین آن‌ها می‌توان به پوت‌پلیر، کی‌ام پلیر، مدیا پلیر کلاسیک، وی‌ال‌سی مدیا پلیر و... اشاره کرد نحوه قرار گرفتن این زیرنویس‌ها روی فیلم باید نام فایل زیرنویس خود را هماهنگ با فیلم کنید برای مثال به صورت زیر
filename.mkv
filename.srt
یا موقع باز کردن فیلم زیرنویس را بر روی صفحه پخش کننده دِرَگ نمایید، هر چند بهترین راه همان هم نام کردن است در این روش بسیاری از پلیرها و تلویزیون‌ها که قادر به پخش این نوع فایل‌های ویدیویی هستند می‌توانند زیرنویس را نمایش دهند

نرم‌افزارهای ترجمه زیرنویس مترجمان این گونه فیلمها از نرم‌افزارهای خاصی برای ترجمه استفاده می‌کنند و در نهایت آن را باپسوند مورد نظر ذخیره می‌کنند که معروفترین این برنامه‌ها می‌توان به subtitle workshop, subtile editor و... اشاره کرد این برنامه‌ها امکان زمان بندی و نگارش ترجمه را به عهده دارند.
مترجمان
مترجمان این نوع فیلم‌ها ترجمه خود را بر دو اساس انجام می‌دهند یک اینکه بر اساس شندیه‌ها صورت می‌گیرد یعنی با توجه به صحبت‌های گوینده و آنچه می‌شنوند صورت می‌دهند که به این نوع ترجمه‌ها شنیداری می‌گویند و دوم بر اساس یک زیرنویس دیگری از آن فیلم به زبانی که مترجم مسلط است که عموماً زبان انگلیسی است صورت می‌گیرد که روش دوم کیفیت بهتری نسبت به روش نخست دارد به شرط آن که کیفیت زیرنویس منبع خوب باشد البته بسته به قدرت مترجم در ترجمه در هر دو مورد کیفیت متغیر می‌باشد.
در کار ترجمه مترجم‌ها یا به صورت انفرادی یا گروهی کار می‌کنند بدین صورت که فرد متعلق به هیچ گروهی نیست یا فرد مترجم در یک گروه که در ترجمه فیلم شناخته شده‌اند ترجمه‌های خود را ارائه می‌دهد.
موازی‌کاری در زیرنویس‌ها
موازی کاری در زیرنویس‌ها بدین معنی است که چند مترجم برای ترجمه یک فیلم داوطلب می‌شوند و باعث می‌شود برای چند فیلم چند زیرنویس از مترجم‌های مختلف موجود باشد از مهمترین فعالیت گروه‌های ترجمه جلوگیری تا حتی‌الامکان از این موازی‌کاری‌هاست تا مترجمان بتوانند به ترجمه فیلم دیگری پرداخته و فیلم‌های بیشتری ترجمه شوند.
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